Last site update: 03-10-2008

 

         

 

  

 

English Electric Lightning

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XM135/B English Electric Lightning F.1, Imperial War Museum Duxford, United Kingdom

 


English Electric Lightning

The English Electric Lightning was Britain's first supersonic fighter. The Lightning had a maximum speed and climbing rate that exceeded everything but was limited by it's short range and average weaponry.

 

The Lightning was the result of the P.1A which was designed after the demand in 1947 for a supersonic research aircraft.

The first of the three prototypes flew in August 1954, and later showed supersonic capabilities thanks to two Bristol Siddeley turbojets without afterburners. It was clear that this type had the qualities of an interceptor-fighter and the name was changed into P.1B witch flew first in April 1957 with two Rolls-Royce Avon turbojets.

After a long development period with 20 pre-production aircraft the Lightning F.Mk1 came in use in 1960 with two 30 mm. cannon's and two Firestreak air to air missiles.

 

Later versions were:

 

F.Mk1A with air to air refueling capabilities.

F.Mk 2 with improved electronics and adjustable afterburners

F.Mk 3 with Avon Mk 300 engines of 73,62 kN and underwing brackets for disposable fuel tanks, and a straight "cut-off" tail, improved radar, removed machine-guns, and two Red Top air to air missiles.

The last version was the Lightning F.Mk 6 (initially the F.Mk 3A) with a redesigned wing, and a fuel tank in the fuselage witch practically doubled the fuel-capacity.

 

 

                     Lightning F.Mk 6

Developing Nation:

United Kingdom.

First Flight(s):

August 1954.

Crew:

1.

Wing Span:

10,61 m.

Wing:

44,08 mē.

Length:

16,84 m.

Weight empty:

11.340 kg.

Weight Max. Load:

18.144 kg.

Engine (s):

Two Rolls-Royce Avon turbojets with 73,62 kN including afterburners.

Max. Speed:

2.230 Km/h. (Mach 2.1)

Max. Height:

17.375 m.

Max. Range:

972 Km

Weapons:

- Two Red Top air to air Missiles and two 30 mm Aden Cannons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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